Mood disorders are a group of conditions that are characterized by unusual changes in the mood that is out of proportion to one’s circumstances. Mood changes in accordance with the environment are normal but when behavioural patterns are disproportionate they are called mood disorders. The various types of mood disorders include major depressive disorder, bipolar disorder (characterized by bouts of extreme depression and mania), persistent depressive disorder (long-lasting depression), cyclothymia (mild bipolar disorder) and SAD (seasonal affective disorder).
Mood disorders are common although because they are poorly recognized, not many people seek the medical help needed to tackle this disorder. A common reason for people not taking medical help for such conditions is the lack of awareness about these conditions. Somehow people fail to appreciate the seriousness of mental health and only give importance to physical health only whereas mental ailments such as mood disorders, if not taken seriously, can have alarming repercussions. This is despite recent evidence that mental health, just like physical health can be improved by enhancing stress coping and resilience.
Therapies and treatments for mood disorders
Mood disorders can be treated effectively with timely medical help. A mental health specialist takes into consideration a number of factors before embarking on a recuperative journey for the patient.
Some of these factors include:
- Health, age and medical history
- The severity of the condition
- Type of mood disorder
- Medical tolerances and intolerances
- Patient’s expectations and preferences
The doctors or therapists will choose a combination of psychotherapy, family therapy, anti-depressant drugs and holistic lifestyle programs to treat mood disorders. Cognitive Behaviour Therapy (CBT) forms an important part of the treatment. It combines both cognitive and behavioural theories into one method wherein focus is laid on the patient’s thoughts, feelings and behaviours. The patient recognises self-defeating and distorting thought patterns and learns to replace them with healthier thoughts and beliefs.
Severe mood disorders like bipolar-disorder are treated with medication and may include a period of hospitalization also in case the patient’s exhibit behaviour that can put one at risk of social or occupational dysfunction. Mood stabilising and anti-psychotic drugs are prescribed to moderate the symptoms. Besides these, electroconvulsive therapy is also used to treat patients with major depression or suicidal thoughts.
Different health practices like yoga, meditation, deep breathing exercises etc are also used along with the medication to calm the patients and help them focus better. And it has been observed that patients who practice these healthy activities are less likely to experience relapses.
Mood disorder treatment in Ludhiana
The prevalence of mood disorders in Punjab and in India is significant and one of the highest in the world. Sadly, not much has been done to educate the people about mental health and the different mindfulness therapies available. In this kind of a grim scenario, Mind Plus Retreat in Ludhiana comes as a ray of hope for the people grappling with mood disorders. It is a modern mindfulness therapy centre armed with the latest infrastructure and technology. Its team of world-renowned therapists, psychologists, psychiatrists and healthcare professionals is well equipped and well-versed with the latest therapies used to restore mental well-being. Not only this, the calm and serene environment of the hospital surrounded by lush green gardens serves as an ideal environment for the treatment of various mood disorders.