Schizophrenia is a serious mental illness. A person with schizophrenia loses touch with reality and has difficulties understanding which thoughts and experiences are real and which are not. There are disturbances in a person’s thoughts, behaviour, and feelings. These disturbances further affect a person’s relationships, work and personal life.
The affected person/individual experiences symptoms such as delusions and hallucinations. The illness causes impairment in the functioning of many areas of a person’s life. But, It is treatable.
Early Symptoms of Schizophrenia
It is important to observe one’s behaviour. Knowing early symptoms of Schizophrenia is essential:
- Sleep disturbance
- Appetite disturbance
- Unusual Behaviour
- Blunted feelings
- Speech that is difficult to follow
Advanced Recognizable Symptoms of Schizophrenia:
- Delusions (believing things that aren’t true)
- Hallucinations (seeing or hearing things that aren’t there)
- Jumbled or confused thinking and speaking
- Odd and random movements like strange posture
- lack of ability to absorb and interpret information and make decisions based on that information
- inability to sustain attention
- Poor memory
A study says, 90% of patients with Schizophrenia experience delusions at some stage.
They see or hear absolutely seems real to them through how unrealistic or unbelievable others may find it.
SCHIZOPHRENIA TREATMENT AND RECOVERY
Treatment for Schizophrenia is an ongoing process which varies from person-to-person. It includes antipsychotic medication, psychological therapies at rehabilitation and support from family and friends. The treatment is focused on developing understanding about the illness and experiences a person has been having during the illness and improving functioning in the areas which were affected due to illness. Along with this engaging in a meaningful occupation/vocation is also part of the process of treatment and recovery of schizophrenia.
Medications for schizophrenia treatment are the basic and important step to control early signs of their illness. The patient’s behaviour is reviewed at every step to bring modification in medicines accordingly.
Individual counselling sessions are important in the treatment of schizophrenia. The therapy is based on developing insight and understanding about the illness. Also, these sessions focus on being aware of thoughts and behaviours which interfere in a person’s ability to function well along with learning to deal with them. It helps them manage everyday life.
After oneself, it is a family who plays important role in therapies and recovery. Psychologists provide proper education and support so that they change their way of dealing with the patient. In the number of cases, family members feel guilty for the condition of the patient. Family therapy at rehabilitation conduct awareness programme to caregivers, close friends and family members.
Social skills training
Behavioural therapy plays important role in the treatment of schizophrenia. Social skills training help person to improve their social skills such as communication, listening skills, maintaining eye contact, management of emotions, time, money etc.
Supported employment and vocational training and rehabilitation
Patient with schizophrenia is prepared for themselves, to feed themselves, to live a normal life. After regular sessions, the sufferer may find and keep a job without any trouble in behaviour or thoughts. Community and self-help support programs assist the patient with housing, jobs, personal relationships and many more such aspects of life.
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Learning about treatment strategies and sticking with the plan can help to reduce the worsening of schizophrenia symptoms.