Unhappiness, discouragement and hopelessness about daily matters are familiar feelings to most people. Feelings of sadness are unpleasant when one is experiencing them, but they usually do not last long, dissolving on their own after a period of days or weeks.
Depression however is a medical condition characterized by changes in one’s mood and sense of well- being. This mood disorder can make people feel sad, hurt, irritable, hopeless and helpless about the future which can result in the person losing interest in activities which were earlier enjoyable. It is commonly associated with reduced sleep (insomnia), though, at times individuals can have increased sleep. Appetite may be affected and there may be problems with concentration and energy levels. At times individuals can feel guilty and responsible for events that may actually be beyond their control. A person with depression can also have thoughts of suicide. Relationship difficulties and occupational dysfunction are often outcomes of Depression.
Depressed mood and sadness can influence the way individuals perceive themselves, others around them and the wider world.
Following are some of the symptoms indicating the presence of depression:
- Significantly low mood
- Loss of interest in almost all activities
- Decreased desire to eat or overeating
- Excessive sleep or reduction in sleep
- General aches and pains in the body
- Tendency towards isolating oneself
- Unmotivated and lack of confidence
- Frequent crying spells
- Impatience and feeling of no hope in the future
- Low self- esteem, feelings of inferiority and worthlessness
- Feelings of helplessness
- Dearth of enthusiasm and low energy or fatigue
- Difficulty in concentrating, difficulty making decisions and slowed thinking
- Thoughts of death and suicidal ideas
Treatment for depression is usually in the form of psychological therapy, or antidepressants, or a combination of the two. Mind Plus, offers one of the best depression treatments in North India with self-help and self-support programs to reduce the impact of the physical and psychological effects of this illness.
At MindPlus, Ludhiana we follow international guidelines and protocols to evaluate and assess patients. A bio psychosocial framework of evaluation is used to identify predisposing, precipitating and maintaining factors. Moreover, low mood and mood swings are evaluated carefully to distinguish depression from other conditions that may present in a similar manner. Individuals are closely screened to plan effective treatment strategies.
Depression can be treated as both inpatient and outpatient programs and it is only after a comprehensive evaluation that individuals can be advised on the best course depending on the nature and severity of their illness.
Antidepressant medications are safe and non-habit forming. Psychological treatments that are effective (sometimes as much as medication) include cognitive behavior therapy, interpersonal therapy along with family and marital therapy.
To know more about how we can help, please contact us for an individualized assessment.